Physical Review A
023830 (10 pages)
On the basis of a quantum microscopic approach we study the dynamics of the afterglow of a dilute Gaussian atomic ensemble excited by pulsed radiation. Taking into account the vector nature of the electromagnetic field we analyze in detail the angular and polarization distribution of single-photon superradiance of such an ensemble. The dependence of the angular distribution of superradiance on the length of the pulse and its carrier frequency as well as on the size and the shape of the atomic clouds is studied. We show that there is substantial dependence of the superradiant emission on the polarization and the direction of fluorescence. We observe essential peculiarities of superradiance in the region of the forward diffraction zone and in the area of the coherent backscattering cone. We demonstrate that there are directions for which the rate of fluorescence is several times more than the decay rate of the timed-Dicke state. We show also that single-photon superradiance can be excited by incoherent excitation when atomic polarization in the ensemble is absent. Besides a quantum microscopic approach, we analyze single-photon superradiance on the basis of the theory of incoherent multiple scattering in optically thick media (random walk theory). In the case of very short resonant and long nonresonant pulses we derive simple analytical expressions for the decay rate of single-photon superradiance for incoherent fluorescence in an arbitrary direction.
Original Publication Citation
Kuraptsev, A. S., Sokolov, I. M., & Havey, M. D. (2017). Angular distribution of single-photon superradiance in a dilute and cold atomic ensemble. Physical Review A, 96(2), 023830. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.96.023830
Kuraptsev, A. S.; Sokolov, I. M.; and Havey, M. D., "Angular Distribution of Single-Photon Superradiance in a Dilute and Cold Atomic Ensemble" (2017). Physics Faculty Publications. 70.