Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Physical Review D






114016 (1-40)


We revisit the derivation of collinear factorization for Deep Inelastic Scattering at subasymptotic values of the four-momentum transfer squared, where the masses of the particles participating in the interaction cannot be neglected. By using an inclusive jet function to describe the scattered quark final state, we can restrict the needed parton kinematic approximations just to the four-momentum conservation of the hard scattering process, and explicitly expand the rest of the diagram in powers of the unobserved parton transverse momenta rather than neglecting those. This procedure provides one with more flexibility in fixing the virtuality of the scattered and recoiling partons than in the standard derivation, and naturally leads to scaling variables that more faithfully represent the partonic kinematic at subasymptotic energy than the Bjorken’s ᵡB variable. We then verify the validity of the obtained factorization formula by considering a diquark spectator model designed to reproduce the main features of electron-proton scattering at large ᵡB in Quantum Chromodynamics. In the model, the Deep Inelastic Scattering contribution to the cross section can be explicitly isolated and analytically calculated, then compared to the factorized approximation. Limiting ourselves to the leading twist contribution, we then show that use of the new scaling variables maximizes the kinematic range of validity of collinear factorization, and highlight the intrinsic limitations of this approach due to the unavoidably approximate treatment of four-momentum conservation in factorized diagrams. Finally, we briefly discuss how these limitations may be overcome by including higher-twist corrections to the factorized calculation.


Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the authors and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.

Original Publication Citation

Guerrero, J. V., & Accardi, A. (2022). Collinear factorization at subasymptotic kinematics and validation in a diquark spectator model. Physical Review D, 106(11), 1-40, Article 114016.