Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date




Publication Title

NAPAC 2022: Proceedings of the North American Particle Accelerator Conference



Conference Name

NAPAC2022: 5th International Particle Accelerator Conference, August 7-12, 2022, Albuquerque, New Mexico


Trapped residual magnetic field during the cooldown of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities is one of the primary source of RF residual losses leading to lower quality factor. Historically, SRF cavities have been fabricated from high purity fine grain niobium with grain size ~50 - 100 μm as well as large grain with grain size of the order of few centimeters. Non-uniform recrystallization of fine-grain Nb cavities after the post fabrication heat treatment leads to higher flux trapping during cooldown, hence the lower quality factor. We fabricated two 1.3 GHz single cell cavities from cold-worked niobium from different vendors and processed along with cavities made from SRF grade Nb. The flux expulsion and flux trapping sensitivity were measured after successive heat treatments in the range 800 – 1000°C. The flux expulsion from cold-worked fine-grain Nb cavities improves after 800°C/3 hours heat treatments and it becomes similar to that of standard fine-grain Nb cavities when the heat treatment temperature is higher than 900°C.


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Original Publication Citation

Khanal, B. D., Balachandran, S., Chetri, S., Lee, P. J., & Dhakal, P. (2022). Magnetic flux expulsion in superconducting radio-frequency niobium cavities made from cold worked niobium. In S. Biedron, E. Simakov, S. Milton, P.M. Anisimov, & V.R.W. Schaa (Eds.), NAPAC 2022: Proceedings of the North American Particle Accelerator Conference. JACoW.