Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Desideria S. Hacker
Barbara A. Cubic
Robin J. Lewis
Alan T. Pope
African-American women have been disproportionately affected by the obesity epidemic in the United States, and studies have suggested that sociocultural factors may have a negative influence on weight and weight loss efforts. Relatedly, other studies have found that African-American women have reported feeling less motivated to lose weight than other ethnic groups. Previous research has also indicated that locus of control plays a role in some health outcomes for African America women. The current study aimed to examine the impact of Black identity, external locus of control, and exercise motivation on obesity in African-American college women. Uncontrolled eating and exercise activity were proposed as mediators, and depression and age were included as covariates.
Results indicated that racial identity, external locus of control, and exercise motivation did not predict obesity in this population. Depression and age were, however, significantly associated with obesity. Future studies should explore other aspects of culture for African-American women that may influence obesity and motivation to engage in healthier behaviors. Additionally, an examination of factors that contribute to depression and weight for this population would also prove beneficial for more culturally sensitive obesity interventions.
Grisham, Jamie. "The Association of Racial Identity and Locus of Control With Eating Attitudes and Obesity in African American College Women" (2015). Doctor of Psychology (PsyD), dissertation, Psychology, Old Dominion University, https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/psychology_etds/12