Date of Award

Fall 1996

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Committee Director

Donald D. Davis

Committee Member

Glynn D. Coates

Committee Member

Melinda J. Montgomery

Committee Member

Janis Sanchez-Hucles


The Climate for Diversity Index measures three dimensions associated with the ability of organizations or units to create an environment that allows members of all sociocultural backgrounds to participate and fully develop. The climate for diversity impacts individual outcomes such as general job satisfaction, affective commitment, identification with a psychological group/department, organizational citizenship behavior, and the intent to turnover. Several structural models depicting the relationship between the climate for diversity and the individual outcome variables were examined. Significant differences in perceptions of the climate for diversity are predicted by ethnicity, disability, and position. Data were provided by 319 members of a wide variety of organizations including hospitals, banks, and athletic clubs. Tests of reliability and validity indicate that the Climate for Diversity Index is a dependable instrument for the assessment of the climate for diversity. The scale reflects intentionally designed "openness to diversity" differences in the environment. The scale is internally consistent and distinct from social desirability and the desirability of diversity. Participants were probed at the group level. However, evidence supporting aggregation is contradictory; the analysis of variance and the test of interrater reliability suggest that aggregation is appropriate, but the conservative within- and between-analysis rejects the group level. The a priori and alternate structural models were examined with both disaggregated and aggregated data. The model of best fit was the a priori model using disaggregated data. Thus, the construct may be best considered at the individual level of analysis. Implications of an "independent" climate for diversity construct are fully discussed.


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