Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
This study investigated the relationship among disclosure, internalized homophobia, and religiosity in a lesbian population and how these three variables are related to psychological well-being in order to build upon the scant amount of empirical research on these variables in the lesbian psychological literature. A total of 679 women, 18 to 70 years old, and from all across the country were recruited via the internet to participate in a web-based survey. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Lesbian Internalized Homophobia Scale (Szymanski & Chung, 2001), the Outness Inventory (Mohr & Fassinger, 2000), the Behavioral Self-Disclosure Questionnaire (Carroll & Gilroy, 2000), the Scales of Psychological Well-Being (Ryff, 1989), the Age-Universal Intrinsic-Extrinsic (I-E) Scale, Amended (Maltby & Lewis, 1996), and the Quest Religious Orientation Scale, Amended (Maltby & Day, 1998). Results indicate that both higher verbal and behavioral disclosure correlate with psychological well-being and less internalized homophobia. Overall, no strong relationship was found between religiosity and disclosure or between religiosity and psychological well-being. Higher religiosity (intrinsic, extrinsic, and quest religious orientation) was, however, correlated with greater internalized homophobia. This study also found that psychological well-being is related to less internalized homophobia. Low internalized homophobia, high intrinsic religiosity, and low extrinsic religiosity are associated with higher levels of psychological well-being. Future research should continue to investigate the use of the Behavioral Self-Disclosure Questionnaire, should further investigate the relationship between “religious” and “spiritual” identity, and should take a more specified approach to studying religion and its relationship with psychological well-being in a lesbian population so that specific religions and religious subgroups are examined.
Clayman, Sharon L..
"The Relationship Among Disclosure, Internalized Homophobia, Religiosity, and Psychological Well-Being in a Lesbian Population"
(2004). Doctor of Psychology (PsyD), Dissertation, Psychology, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/ez61-1757