Journal of American College Health
Objective: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (eg, eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use.
Participants and Methods: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) completed an online survey.
Results: Findings confirmed infrequent use of alternative methods of alcohol use and low likelihood of trying them in the future (Study 1). Participants indicated varied reasons for possibly trying each alternative form of alcohol use, but consistently perceived consequences for all forms (ie, health concerns), as well as very low perceived approval from close friends (Study 2). Social and environmental contextual factors associated with possible use were also explored.
Conclusions: College students in the current sample have low prevalence and future likelihood of alternative forms of alcohol use. This information can be used by campus health practitioners to promote accurate normative data for alternative forms of alcohol use. However, with increased perceptions of approval and media presence, future trends could change. Findings revealed important risk factors for these potentially hazardous forms of alcohol use.
Original Publication Citation
Braitman, A. L., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Stamates, A. L., & Lau-Barraco, C. (2017). Socio-cognitive factors and perceived consequences associated with alternative forms of alcohol use. Journal of American College Health, 65(1), 67-75. doi:10.1080/07448481.2016.1233558
0000-0003-2259-1094 (Braitman), 0000-0001-8187-6538 (Linden-Carmichael), 0000-0002-2072-5477 (Lau-Barraco)
Braitman, Abbly L.; Linden-Carmichael, Ashley N.; Stamates, Amy L.; and Lau-Barraco, Cathy, "Socio-Cognitive Factors and Perceived Consequences Associated With Alternative Forms of Alcohol Use" (2017). Psychology Faculty Publications. 23.