Memory & Cognition
Seventeen participants performed a tone-pattern-matching task at different presentation levels while concurrently engaged in a simulated-driving task. Presentation levels of 60, 65, and 70 dBC (SPL) were combined factorially with tone-matching delays of 2, 3, and 4 sec. Intensity had no effect on performance in single-task conditions and short-delay conditions. However, when the participants were engaged concurrently in the driving task, a significant interaction between presentation level and delay was observed. In the longest delay condition, the participants performed the tone-patten-matching task more efficiently (more quickly and without additional errors) as presentation intensity increased. These findings demonstrate the interaction between sensory and cognitive processes and point to a direct-intensity relationship where intensity affects the persistence of echoic memory. Implications for facilitating auditory processing and improving auditory interfaces in complex systems (i.e., transportation environments), particularly for older and hearing-impaired listeners, are. discussed.
Original Publication Citation
Baldwin, C. L. (2007). Cognitive implications of facilitating echoic persistence. Memory & Cognition, 35(4), 774-780. doi:10.3758/bf03193314
Baldwin, Carryl L., "Cognitive Implications of Facilitating Echoic Persistence" (2007). Psychology Faculty Publications. 59.