The disciplinary practices of 52 working- to middle-income African-American mothers were coded to assess the degree to which the mother took a parent-oriented versus a child-oriented approach across various aspects of discipline. Factors associated with physical punishment included maternal education and maternal age. The use of social/material control practices were associated with maternal age, father presence, and concerns about child victimization. Only maternal education was associated with restrictive discipline. Fear of child victimization independently predicted the use of material/social consequences. Findings are discussed in terms of the factors contributing to these individual differences, and the adaptiveness of these practices for the environments in which the parent-child relationship is embedded.
Original Publication Citation
Kelley, M. L., Sanchez-Hucles, J., & Walker, R. R. (1993). Correlates of disciplinary practices in working- to middle-class african-american mothers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 39(2), 252-264.
Kelley, Michelle L.; Sanchez-Hucles, Janis; and Walker, Regina R., "Correlates of Disciplinary Practices in Working- to Middle-Class African-American Mothers" (1993). Psychology Faculty Publications. 83.