The Effect of Floor Sitting Posture on Low-back Pain, Knee Pain and Hip Pain Among Kuwaiti Men

Date of Award

Summer 8-1998

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Rehabilitation Sciences


Physical Therapy

Committee Director

Martha Walker

Committee Member

John L. Echternach

Committee Member

George Maihafer

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.P45 A45


Background and Purpose. Ground resting posture is common in Kuwait and other Arab communities. Kuwaiti men gather daily, especially on weekend nights socializing in the Diwaniya. Diwaniya is a special room in every Kuwaiti house. The Diwaniya is traditionally furnished with seating cushions and pillows. Men are seated on the floor in a tailor-sitting posture for long periods of time. The tailor-sitting posture flexes the trunk. hips, and knees. The flexion position has been shown to decrease the lumbar lordosis and increase joint compression in hips and knees. However there are no studies about the effect of floor sitting posture on these joints. Thus, the purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between long periods of floor sitting posture and the incidence of low-back pain, knee pain and hip pain among Kuwaiti men who visit Diwaniya. Subjects and Methods. Five-hundred Kuwaiti men who visit Diwaniya voluntarily completed a self designed questionnaire about the relationship between long periods of floor sitting and the incidence of low-back pain, knee pain and hip pain. Results. There were significant relationships between age and knee and hip pain, while there was no significant relationship between age and low-back pain. Body mass index was related to low-back pain, knee and hip pain. Long periods of floor sitting was not related to low-back pain, knee or hip pain, while long periods of chair sitting were related to low-back pain and hip pain. Discussion and Conclusion. Based on the results of the study, being overweight was the major factor associated with low-back pain, knee and hip pain. Kuwaitis should work on solving the overweight problem in order to decrease the incidence of low-back pain, knee and hip pain. A significant limitation with this study was the study instrument ( self-designed questionnaire).


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