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Publication Date




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Journal of Athletic Training


Article in Press




Context: As colleges and universities continue to focus on creating diverse, equitable, and inclusive environments, it is important to gain more knowledge on the experiences that Muslim student-athletes have while fasting during the month of Ramadan. While previous researchers have investigated the physical effects of fasting on the body, little is known about the challenges or support Muslim student athletes experience while fasting and participating in sport during Ramadan.

Objective: To explore the experiences of Muslim collegiate student-athletes regarding fasting during Ramadan while participating in sports.

Design: Consensual qualitative research.

Setting: Individual video interviews.

Participants: 12 Muslim collegiate student-athletes (4 women, 8 men; age = 19.9±1.4 years) from 7 universities across 7 states were interview.

Data collection and analysis: semi-structured interview guide consisting of questions pertaining to the Muslim student-athletes' beliefs, challenges, experiences, and feelings were used to gather perceptions of fasting during Ramadan while participating in sport. Data were analyzed by a multi-analyst research team and coded into common themes and categories via a multi-phase consensus process.

Results: Four major themes emerged from the interview process, including the significance of fasting and Ramadan (familial influence, religious belief, introspection and spiritual growth), intrinsic challenges (physical mental and emotional, time constraints), extrinsic challenges (lack of available resources, knowledge and curiosity of others, lack of understanding by others) and various support (sport-specific support, community support, desired support) that impacted participants' experiences with fasting during Ramadan while participating in sport.

Conclusions: The athletic community should seek to better support Muslim student-athletes and respect the importance of fasting during Ramadan. Parties interested in the success of these athletes in sport should improve their understanding regarding Ramadan and the desired support of Muslim student-athletes during fasting.


© 2024 National Athletic Trainers' Association, Inc.

Included with the kind written permission of the copyright holder.


Note: This article is in press at the Journal of Athletic Training. A final version-of-record will be published in the future.


0000-0003-3171-9141 (Cavallario)

Original Publication Citation

Amjad, M., Cavallario, J. M., Harris, N. A., & Welch Bacon, C. E. (2023). Muslim collegiate student-athletes' experience with fasting during Ramadan while participating in sport. Journal of Athletic Training. Advance online publication.

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