Date of Award

Summer 2006

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Public Administration and Urban Policy

Committee Director

Roger Richman

Committee Member

John C. Morris

Committee Member

William A. Gibson

Committee Member

Quentin Kidd


This study examines collaboration constructs using Gray & Wood's framework of theoretical dimensions of collaboration and two conceptual models found in the literature in an effort to determine which constructs are present in the successful collaborative efforts of the Elizabeth River Project's Team Paradise as they developed the Paradise Creek Restoration Plan. The study used a mixed method approach involving both qualitative (interview and documents) and quantitative (survey) methods to gather data. The findings from this study support construct findings from three other studies on collaborative processes: Gray & Wood's framework of theoretical dimensions of collaboration; the Selin & Chavez Model of the Collaborative Process in Natural Resource Management used in the area of environmental management, and the Melaville & Blank's Five Stage Process for Change, used in the social services area. The findings from this research suggest that it might be possible to develop a generic model of collaboration using common constructs found in the literature that reflects the iterative and dynamic nature of the process of collaboration. Additionally, this study found two constructs not found in either of the conceptual models. This study indicates that collaboration does follow certain steps, or stages, consisting of a number of constructs, and that practitioners considering collaboration as a way to solve policy problems can use either of these prescriptive models as a framework for their own process.