Gender and HIV Risk Behavior in China

Date of Award

Summer 2004

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Sociology & Criminal Justice


Applied Sociology

Committee Director

Xiushi Yang

Committee Member

Randy Gainey

Committee Member

William Agyei

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.S62 G86 2004


Gender differences in prevalence of HIV risk behaviors are well established. Gender differences in major causes leading to HN risk behaviors are much less researched in China. Using data from a large and population-based survey conducted in 2003, in southwestern China, this paper examined gender-specific correlates of HIV risky drug using and sexual behaviors in the general population. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted for males and females separately. The results suggest that men are more likely to inject drugs and share needles than women while women are more likely to exhibit RN risk sexual behaviors than men. Socio-economic status is a significant predictor of injection drug use but not casual sex among males. Being married reduces the odds of risk behaviors for both males and females. Depression predicts significantly males' but not females' drug using behaviors, but it has more impact on females in terms of sexual behaviors. Finally, social influence of family and friends is a significant and positive indicator of HIV risk behaviors for both males and females. Prevention interventions need to pay close attention to gender differences in prevalence and correlates of HIV risk behaviors.


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