Date of Award

Spring 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Sociology & Criminal Justice


Applied Sociology

Committee Director

Ruth A. Triplett

Committee Member

Michael J. Deckard

Committee Member

Ingrid P. Whitaker


Juveniles often make decisions based on socialization and behaviors that are taught at a young age. Socialization experiences which can either protect or lead to adverse outcomes such as juvenile delinquency. It is extremely important to examine the role of socialization in delinquency due to the large number of youths currently involved in criminal acts. There are many violent and nonviolent crimes that are committed by youth under the ages of 18. For example, in 2018, there were 728,280 arrests of youths under the age of 18. A significant number of those, 46,410, were for violent index crimes with 141,500 for property index crimes (Puzzanchera, 2020). Though arrest rates for many violent crimes and property crimes were at new lows in 2018 (Puzzanchera, 2020), there is still reason for concern. This research examines the influence of both parental supervision and peer impact, on juvenile delinquency. This research explores the effects of socialization by parents and peers on juvenile delinquents using data from part 1 of the Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) Program in the United States. Multiple regression as well as a logit regression was used in this study. Key findings are that both parental supervision and peer impact have significant effects on juvenile delinquency individually and together.