The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2006
Traffic congestion already is bad in the region; we estimate the cost in 2006 to be $473 million, or $296 per person. If nothing is done to alleviate the situation, this cost will grow to $1.07 billion, or $608 per person in 2015. Our simulations also predict the speed of automobile commuters going through the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel will fall to 7.2 mph in 2015.
Regional Studies Institute, Old Dominion University, "Part 3: Tunnel Vision: Traffic Congestion in Hampton Roads" (2006). State of the Region Reports: Hampton Roads. 108.