The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2005
Professor Florida argues that highly mobile, creative individuals are the kingpins of modern economic growth. They are especially attracted to regions that offer diverse demographics, cultural opportunities, living styles and residential areas, as well as a tolerance of the uncommon. Hampton Roads does not fare well when measured against several of Florida’s variables. However, we test his hypotheses empirically and find they have only limited validity.
Regional Studies Institute, Old Dominion University, "Part 3: Richard Florida and the Creative Classes of Hampton Roads" (2005). State of the Region Reports: Hampton Roads. 116.