The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2016
Sixty-five percent of job holders in Hampton Roads cross a city or county boundary when they go to work. Many encounter traffic congestion as they do so, but the level of this congestion has increased only modestly in recent years. Major road improvements seldom change this situation very much because drivers soon redistribute themselves in response to the improvements.
Center for Economic Analysis and Policy, Old Dominion University, "Part 7: Traffic Congestion in Hampton Roads: Myths and Realities" (2016). State of the Region Reports: Hampton Roads. 26.