The State of the Region: Hampton Roads 2008
As is true nationally, women in Hampton Roads earn less than men. Gender earnings differentials are particularly large in occupations characterized by “crowding” – where women constitute a sizable proportion of those employed. Economically speaking, women may be better off in the Richmond metro area than in Hampton Roads.
Regional Studies Institute, Old Dominion University, "Part 4: Women Earn Less than Men in Hampton Roads. Why?" (2008). State of the Region Reports: Hampton Roads. 93.