Document Type


Publication Date



54 pp.


[From the Executive Summary]

The Social Science Research Center (SSRC) at Old Dominion University is pleased to present the results from the 12th annual Life in Hampton Roads (LIHR) survey. The purpose of the survey was to gain insight into residents’ perceptions of the quality of life in Hampton Roads. It is important to note that the methodology for this year’s survey differs from previous Life in Hampton Roads surveys. The first ten years of the survey were conducted using a random sample of Hampton Roads residents via telephone. Last year state and university COVID-19 restrictions did not allow for staffing of the SSRC call center during the survey period. Therefore, on-line survey panels were used to solicit respondents to complete a web-based survey. This year, a mixed methods approach of telephone calls and web surveys were used to administer the survey. Given the continued and evolving pandemic conditions in Hampton Roads and the rest of the world, many of this year’s questions focused on residents’ experiences with and responses to continuing COVID-19 conditions.


Abbreviated Table of Contents

Executive Summary ..... 1

Introduction & Methodology ..... 4

Quality of Life ..... 10

Perceptions of the Economy & Employment ..... 15

Education & Public Schools ..... 24

Health, Experiences with COVID & Vaccines ..... 28

Politics & Ethics in Government ..... 33

Perceptions of the Police ..... 42

Flooding, Hurricane Evacuation, & Sheltering During COVID 19 ..... 47