Factors That Influence Students’ Decisions to Enroll in Initial Vocational Education and Training (IVET) Lyceums in Tajikistan
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
STEM Education & Professional Studies
Occupational and Technical Studies
Michael F. Kosloski
Christopher R. Glass
The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the factors influencing students’ decisions to enroll in IVET lyceums in Tajikistan. The researcher administered a paper-based survey to collect data from a stratified random sample of n = 541 students in IVET lyceums. Data were analyzed by performing descriptive statistics, paired t-tests, chi-squares tests, Mann-Whitney U tests, and principal axis factoring (PAF). The findings showed that IVET students are mainly male (70%), from rural areas (60%), economically disadvantaged (60%), and enrolled after 9th grade (68%). There was a strong relationship between gender and program enrollment, meaning female and male students made traditional program choices.
With regard to influencing students’ decisions in choosing IVET lyceums, parents (53%) were the most influential factors followed by other factors, including hands-on experience, siblings, finding a job, and friends. School staff and marketing efforts were among the least influential factors. The result of PAF loaded twenty factors to five latent constructs labeled lyceum suits my needs, lyceum marketing, people with close relationships, school staff, and economic situation. As for choosing IVET programs, parents were at the top with fathers being more (55%) influential than mothers (50%), followed by interest in the occupation, job opportunities, siblings, friends, and prior experience. School staff and marketing were the least influential factors. The result of PAF loaded sixteen factors to four latent constructs labeled program interest, school staff, people with close relationships, and program marketing.
Finally, the findings showed that in choosing IVET lyceums, out of 20 factors, only school teacher, school director, IVET is easier, and hands-on experience were statistically significantly different, while the remaining 16 showed no difference in influencing 9th and 11th grade students’ decisions. Regarding choosing programs of study, school teacher, class supervisor, and opportunity for small business were statistically significantly different, while the remaining 13 showed no difference in influencing 9th and 11th grade students’ decisions.
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"Factors That Influence Students’ Decisions to Enroll in Initial Vocational Education and Training (IVET) Lyceums in Tajikistan"
(2019). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, STEM Education & Professional Studies, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/afbx-ta48