Date of Award

Spring 2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


STEM Education & Professional Studies


Instructional Design & Technology

Committee Director

Ginger Watson

Committee Member

Shana Pribesh

Committee Member

Philip Reed


The growing presence of educational technology in our nation's K-12 schools has had little effect on teacher practices to enhance student learning (Once, Delialioglu, & Brown, 2008). Sophisticated levels of educational technology use are believed to influence student learning (Hall, Loucks, Rutherford, & Newlove, 1975) yet research on effective levels of use is almost non-existent.

The Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM) assesses a teacher's level of educational technology use across eight stages, ranging from the lowest level of nonuse to the most sophisticated level where the teacher's technology implementation utilizes instructional strategies to support knowledge building, reflection, and goal setting. Prior studies indicate that higher CBAM levels are linked to enhanced pedagogical change and increased positive attitudes for teachers (Hutchison & Reinking, 2011; Lee, 2010), as well as more effective instructional strategies and collaborative classrooms (Hall et al., 1975; Somekh et al., 2007). Instructional settings incorporating these success elements also show equal conversation from both teachers and students (Beauchamp & Kennewell, 2010), the analysis of which can be facilitated with the Flanders Interaction Analysis Matrix (Flanders, 1961b).

Guided by the Concerns-Based Adoption Model and modified Flanders Interactive Analysis Categories, this study explored the use of Interactive Whiteboards in one school district of 427 K-12 teachers. Approximately one-half the district's classroom teachers completed a three-part survey which collected demographic data, assessed attitudes toward Interactive Whiteboards, and determined a self-reported level of technology use in their classrooms. Results show that despite positive attitudes, the district's teachers use Interactive Whiteboards at a level that does not yet consider student achievement. Observations of 23 classroom teachers in the same district validated the survey findings.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).