Date of Award

Spring 2011

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Teaching & Learning


Curriculum and Instruction

Committee Director

KaaVonia Hinton-Johnson

Committee Member

Shana Pribesh

Committee Member

Abha Gupta


This experimental study used a quantitative data collection strategy to examine whether a mindfulness intervention, a three-minute breathing exercise marked by focused attention on the sensations of breath, would affect writing anxiety and writing performance measures. The researcher compared Daly-Miller Writing Apprehension surveys and narrative writing samples from 277 students enrolled in a freshman composition course at a southeastern community college, half of whom practiced the mindful-breathing technique at class onset.

Quantitative results revealed students in the mindful-breathing group experienced a statistically significant decrease in writing apprehension and mechanical error scores from pre- to post-measures when compared to controls. No statistically significant between group increase in word count per writing performance was found.

Findings suggest the mindful-breathing technique used in this study may reduce writing apprehension and improve narrative writing performance in community college students. These findings encourage further study of mindfulness interventions in educational settings and wider use of mindful breathing as a technique for managing writing apprehension and improving writing performance in community college students.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).