Date of Award

Summer 8-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Teaching & Learning


Curriculum and Instruction

Committee Director

Kris Sunday

Committee Director

Jamie Colwell

Committee Member

Natalia Pilato


Young children engage in multimodal written expression. The research in this study explores the spaces that were created, and the stories created by children in an after-school comic club. The club utilized the Writer’s Workshop model to support the Being a Writer program that is used in the Ocean View School District (Ocean View School District is a pseudonym). I created a supplemental writing program that utilized visual literacy instruction and taught the lessons in the club. The theoretical framework incorporated developmentally appropriate writing instruction, visual literacy elements, and sociocultural theory. This study employed an action research methodology with multiple data collection points. The coding of data points used provisional (a priori) coding and open coding. Students created multimodal artifacts as part of the club and were able to create authentic and purposeful drawings and writings. The students were able to make meaning using pictures and words. The student writers’ stories were shared in an Author Celebration. The roles of collaboration, drawing, and writing were major components of the work that the student writers engaged in and the processes through which they produced their work.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).