Date of Award

Spring 1993

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Urban Services - Urban Education

Committee Director

Stephen W. Tonelson

Committee Member

Katharine C. Kersey

Committee Member

Vicki Mistr

Committee Member

Robert Lucking

Committee Member

Donald Myers


This study investigated the effects of educational programs on first-year college students' attitudes toward rape. Subjects included 132 male and female (60 and 72, respectively) first-year students in an urban university who were selected randomly for participation. Each participant was assigned randomly to one of four treatment conditions: lecture-style programs, videotape programs, role play programs, or control. Data were collected in three phases: one pretest and two posttests. Attitudes toward rape were measured using the General Attitudes Toward Rape scale. Data were analyzed using Multiple Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) and Analyses of Covariance (ANCOVA). Findings included no significant differences due to the educational programs for either treatment group or gender. However, pre-existing differences for gender were consistent with other studies on the subject of rape, and cumulative effect for attendance at additional educational programs was found. Implications call for expanded educational efforts to include programs tailored to the gender-specific needs of participants and that build on multiple exposures to the subject, preferably to begin in early childhood, and continued throughout the entire school curriculum.