Date of Award

Spring 1988

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Urban Services - Urban Education

Committee Director

Robert H. MacDonald

Committee Member

James R. K. Heinen

Committee Member

Ulysses V. Spiva

Committee Member

William E. Cunningham

Committee Member

Donald A. Myers


Teachers use a variety of resources to motivate students and to enrich and expand learning experiences in the classroom. Media, including films, videotapes, and other audiovisual materials, are some of those resources.

Over the years, as teacher access to media increased, researchers began to investigate factors which encouraged or discouraged its use. Factors which had an impact on teacher use or lack of use of media were and are important indicators to administrators responsible for allocating resources and for establishing policy concerning how media are organized and distributed.

The purpose of the study was to investigate current factors involved in teacher use of media in order to suggest policy concerning how media services are organized. Centralization vs. decentralization of services was explored; and attention was given to the direction of staff development programs which encourage effective media use.

A survey questionnaire was designed and used to gather data about teachers' perception of factors which affected their use of media services. Subjects were a randomly selected sample of teachers at the elementary, junior high, and senior high school levels.

The first part of the questionnaire was used to gather demographic data including number of years of teaching experience, amount of media training, and academic degrees. The second part of the questionnaire asked respondents to indicate their use of media from several available sources including the central media center, the school library/media center, their department or grade level collection, and their classroom or personal collection. The last part of the questionnaire asked teachers to respond to factors identified in earlier studies as deterrents to media use in order to determine if those same factors were viewed as deterrents today.

Results from individual t-tests and a fixed one-way analysis of variance indicated that central media centers still play a vital role in teachers' access and use of media in the classroom; individual schools' media collections are becoming increasingly important; staff development for administrators could play an important role in teacher use of media and other resources; and that media should be considered as a means of delivering staff development to teachers.