Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Urban Services - Management
Focusing on sixteen cities in Virginia, the researcher studied the perceived managerial and career roles that high level black urban managers play in local government. From June to August 1991, black managers in the study completed self-assessments in the following areas: (1) socio-demographics, (2) perceived managerial and career role, (3) behaviors associated with managerial activism, pursuing the needs of the black community and career development, and (4) characteristics of their work environment. Based on their responses, the managers were assigned to role groups. Differences among the groups were noted. The entrepreneurs reported a higher degree of organizational support, role norm and congruence, and pursued the needs of the black community. The climbers engaged in career strategy behaviors. In addition, supervisory support was related to career role. The researcher concludes that specific organizational and personal factors are related to the managerial and career roles black managers play in the urban environment.
Johnson, Karen A..
"The Perceived Role of High-Level Black Urban Managers in Virginia"
(1992). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, , Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/9v46-f283