Transportation Research Record
Traffic incidents cause a ripple effect of reduced travel speeds, lane changes, and the pursuit of alternative routes that results in gridlock on the immediately affected and surrounding roadways. The disruptions caused by the secondary effects significantly degrade travel time reliability, which is of great concern to the emergency planners who manage evacuations. Outcomes forecast by a generic incident model embedded in a microscopic evacuation simulation, the Real-Time Evacuation Planning Model (RtePM), were examined to quantify the change in time required for an emergency evacuation that results from traffic incidents. The incident model considered vehicle miles traveled on each individual segment of the studied road network model. The two scenarios considered for this investigation were evacuations of (a) Washington, D.C., after a simulated terrorist attack and (b) Virginia Beach, Virginia, in response to a simulated hurricane. These results could help the emergency planning community understand and investigate the impact of traffic incidents during an evacuation.
Original Publication Citation
Collins, A. J., Foytik, P., Frydenlund, E., Robinson, R. M., & Jordan, C. A. (2014). Generic incident model for investigating traffic incident impacts on evacuation times in large-scale emergencies. Transportation Research Record, 2459, 11-17. doi:10.3141/2459-02
0000-0002-7694-7845 (Frydenlund), 0000-0001-5295-930X (Robinson), 0000-0003-3892-7701 (Jordan)
Collins, Andrew J.; Foytik, Peter; Frydenlund, Erika; Robinson, R. Michael; and Jordan, Craig A., "Generic Incident Model for Investigating Traffic Incident Impacts on Evacuation Times in Large-Scale Emergencies" (2014). VMASC Publications. 24.