Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Frontiers in Blockchain




607320 (1-13)


Enterprise-level energy delivery systems (EDSs) depend on different software or hardware vendors to achieve operational efficiency. Critical components of these systems are typically manufactured and integrated by overseas suppliers, which expands the attack surface to adversaries with additional opportunities to infiltrate into EDSs. Due to this reason, the risk management of the EDS supply chain is crucial to ensure that we are knowledgeable about the vulnerabilities in software and hardware components that comprise any critical part, quantifiable risk metrics to assess the severity and exploitability of the attack, and provide remediation solutions that can influence a prioritized mitigation plan. There is a need to realize cyber supply chain risk management for industrial control systems' hardware, software, and computing and networking services associated with bulk electric system (BES) operations. This article proposes a blockchain-based cyber supply chain provenance platform ("Vind") for EDSs to realize data provenance in a cyber supply chain ecosystem.


© 2021 Bandara, Shetty, Tosh and Liang.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Original Publication Citation

Bandara, E., Shetty, S., Tosh, D., & Liang, X. (2021). Vind: A blockchain-enabled supply chain provenance framework for energy delivery systems. Frontiers in Blockchain, 4, 1-13, Article 607320.


0000-0002-8789-0610 (Shetty)