Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

The Politics of Women's Studies: Testimony from Thirty Founding Mothers


57-68, 370-74


(First paragraph) In the fall of 1958, when I arrived at Stanford University to begin a Ph.D., the all-male faculty of the English department were still grumbling in the corridors about the last woman they had hired. They had found her too assertive, so they did not want to repeat that mistake. Later, at a session on getting jobs, the department chair told us that females would be hired "at one level of university lower than what they deserved." In 1960, like the other silent students, I accepted that pattern as the way the world worked. Yet the injustice of it did not escape me. Another graduate student at Stanford told me how, on the day she received her Ph.D., her department chair had taken her aside and said, "You know that your husband will always come first, don't you?" After I had my Ph.D., I. too, accepted the social attitude articulated by this department chair: my husband's interests and career came first; mine must always come second-if at all.

Original Publication Citation

Bazin, N. T. (2000). The gender revolution. In F. Howe & M. J. Buhle (Eds.), The politics of women's studies: Testimony from thirty founding mothers (pp. 57-68, 370-374). Feminist Press at the City University of New York.