Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



1-21 pp.


When anyone talks about change, there are many people who feel afraid. People fear chaos and uncertainty, both of which may accompany change. Fears of technological change are expressed in innumerable science fiction books and films; fears of changes in governmental systems are expressed in fantasies such as George Orwell's 1984. Fears of feminism may be expressed in comic books, films, dystopian fiction, or conversation. Women and men who fear feminist ideas have nightmare visions of female-dominated societies where women treat men as many misogynist men have treated women or where, to their horror, women find ways of not needing men at all anymore.

Original Publication Citation

Bazin, N. T. (1990). Women, men, and education in a changing world. Norfolk, VA: Old Dominion University.