Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Journal of Maps






2251510 (1-13)


Numerous studies have concentrated on developing user-centered designs for hazard zone maps but rarely for hazard-oriented geomorphological maps, named as Geomorphological Hazard Thematic Maps (GHTMs) in this study, which provide more detailed information about natural hazards. This study developed a user-centered mapping design for GHTMs for nonexperts in geomorphology. We invited civil engineers and high school educators to evaluate a sample GHTM's design in group and focus group panel interviews. The civil engineers preferred maps with more geomorphological features, whereas the educators preferred simple designs. Both groups indicated that the inclusion of essential facilities and road networks is essential. The map was also adjusted by adding hillshade layer and by changing the symbology for mass wasting, fault scarps, and fluvial features to increase clarity and simplicity. This case study is the first step toward developing user-centered mapping designs for hazard communication that will deepen their understanding of natural hazards.


© 2023 The Authors.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the authors or with their consent.

Data Availability

Article states: The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, S.-M. Shen, upon reasonable request.

Original Publication Citation

Shen, S.-M., Chen, Y.-H., Lo, C.-M., Yu, M.-T., Lin, S.-C., Wang, S., Chang, C.-H., & Lin, S.-C. (2023). A user-centered mapping design for geomorphological hazard thematic map. Journal of Maps, 19(1), 1-13, Article 2251510.


0000-0003-4809-5718 (Chen)