Journal of Heredity
Genetic analyses using ancient DNA from Pleistocene and early Holocene fossils have largely relied on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences. Among woolly mammoths, Mammuthus primigenius, mtDNA analyses have identified 2 distinct clades (I and II) that diverged 1-2 Ma. Here, we establish that microsatellite markers can be effective on Pleistocene samples, successfully genotyping woolly mammoth specimens at 2 loci. Although significant differentiation at the 2 microsatellite loci was not detected between 16 clade I and 4 clade II woolly mammoths, our results demonstrate that the nuclear population structure of Pleistocene species can be examined using fast-evolving nuclear microsatellite markers.
Original Publication Citation
Ishida, Y., Roca, A. L., Fratpietro, S., & Greenwood, A. D. (2012). Successful genotyping of microsatellites in the woolly mammoth. Journal of Heredity, 103(3), 459-464. doi:10.1093/jhered/esr139
Ishida, Yasuko; Roca, Alfred L.; Fratpietro, Stephen; and Greenwood, Alex D., "Successful Genotyping of Microsatellites in the Woolly Mammoth" (2012). Biological Sciences Faculty Publications. 290.