Devolpment of a Scale to Assess Home Health Care Aides' Ability to Recognize Depression in Older Adults

Date of Award

Spring 5-1997

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Community & Environmental Health

Program/Concentration

Community Health Professions

Committee Director

Gail C. Grisetti

Committee Member

John L. Echternach

Committee Member

Joann T. Richardson

Committee Member

Colin E. Box

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.C48 N47

Abstract

Depression afflicts 20% to 40% of people 65 and older. Depression in older adults is frequent and chronic. The challenge of a hospital stay and the knowledge of having a long term disability may increase the risk for a depressive episode. In today's health care environment older adults are being released from hospitals after a short length of stay and are frequently dependent on home health services for assistance with activities of daily living. Home health care aides are given the responsibility of providing these services to the older adult in the home environment and need to be aware of how to recognize the symptoms of depression. The purpose of the study was to create and analyze a depression recognition scale (DRS) for home health care aides. The DRS is a 32 item questionnaire which includes four subcategories: mood, cognition, socialization and somatic symptoms. The DRS is based on the Geriatric Depression Scale developed to asses older adults ability to recognize depression in themselves. Fifty three home health care aides completed the DRS and received a mean total score of 54.6%. Total scores on the DRS indicate that home health care aides in this sample were unable to achieve an acceptable performance score of 80% correct. The research also indicates that scores on the subcategory scales were consistently low. Data were found to be unevenly distributed. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for all independent variables (age, education and length of experience), subcategories and questions. Kruskal Wallis one-way ANOV A was used to test for significant relationships between independent variables, each subcategory, and total score. Significance was found at the .01 level between total scores and education level and mood and somatic subcategories and education level. In the best interest of the older adult, home health care aides need to be trained and tested on their ability to recognize depression.

Rights

In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

DOI

10.25777/td15-1138

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS