Implementation of dynamic spectrum access (DSA) in cognitive radio (CR) systems requires the unlicensed secondary users (SU) to implement spectrum sensing to monitor the activity of the licensed primary users (PU). Energy detection (ED) is one of the most widely used methods for spectrum sensing in CR systems, and in this paper we present a novel ED algorithm with an adaptive sensing threshold. The three-event ED (3EED) algorithm for spectrum sensing is considered for which an accurate approximation of the optimal decision threshold that minimizes the decision error probability (DEP) is found using Newton’s method with forced convergence in one iteration. The proposed algorithm is analyzed and illustrated with numerical results obtained from simulations that closely match the theoretical results and show that it outperforms the conventional ED (CED) algorithm for spectrum sensing.
Original Publication Citation
Martian, A., Sammarraie, M., Vladeanu, C., & Popescu, D. (2020). Three-event energy detection with adaptive threshold for spectrum sensing in cognitive radio systems. Sensors, 20(13), 16 pp., Article 3614. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133614
Martian, Alexandru; Sammarraie, Mahmood; Vladeanu, Calin; and Popescu, Dimitrie, "Three-Event Energy Detection with Adaptive Threshold for Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Systems" (2020). Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 262.