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Digital Communications and Networks


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The Global Positioning System (GPS) has become a foundation for most location-based services and navigation systems, such as autonomous vehicles, drones, ships, and wearable devices. However, it is a challenge to verify if the reported geographic locations are valid due to various GPS spoofing tools. Pervasive tools, such as Fake GPS, Lockito, and software-defined radio, enable ordinary users to hijack and report fake GPS coordinates and cheat the monitoring server without being detected. Furthermore, it is also a challenge to get accurate sensor readings on mobile devices because of the high noise level introduced by commercial motion sensors. To this end, we propose DeepPOSE, a deep learning model, to address the noise introduced in sensor readings and detect GPS spoofing attacks on mobile platforms. Our design uses a convolutional and recurrent neural network to reduce the noise, to recover a vehicle's real-time trajectory from multiple sensor inputs. We further propose a novel scheme to map the constructed trajectory from sensor readings onto the Google map, to smartly eliminate the accumulation of errors on the trajectory estimation. The reconstructed trajectory from sensors is then used to detect the GPS spoofing attack. Compared with the existing method, the proposed approach demonstrates a significantly higher degree of accuracy for detecting GPS spoofing attacks.


© Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications

This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License.

Original Publication Citation

Jiang, P., Wu, H., & Xin, C. (2021). DeepPOSE: Detecting GPS spoofing attack via deep recurrent neural network. Digital Communications and Networks, 1-16.