(First paragraph) One of the central analytical insights of Michel Foucault's enormously influential political philosophy is that power is not unitary. Power does not always take the same form. Power has long been assumed to issue simply in the sovereign power's mandating tactics of prohibition and permission. Foucault argued that, in addition to sovereign power, there also exists a disciplinary power of normalization and a biopower of regulation, each of which operates through techniques that are irreducible to classical sovereign strategies of unimpeachable authority, military violence, and legal mandate.
Original Publication Citation
Koopman, C., Sheehey, B., Jones, P., Smithers, L., Hamid, S., Pickard, C., & Critical Genealogies Collaboratory. (2018). Standard forms of power: Biopower and sovereign power in the technology of the US birth certificate, 1903-1935. Constellations,1-16. Online ahead of print. doi:10.1111/1467-8675.12372
Koopman, Colin; Sheehey, Bonnie; Jones, Patrick; Smithers, Laura; Hamid, Sarah; Pickard, Claire; and Critical Genealogies Collaboratory, "Standard Forms of Power: Biopower and Sovereign Power in the Technology of the US Birth Certificate, 1903-1935" (2018). Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications. 46.