Date of Award

Winter 1995

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Engineering Management

Committee Director

Derya A. Jacobs

Committee Member

Laurence D. Richards

Committee Member

Billie M. Reed

Committee Member

Mark Scerbo

Abstract

Statistics and neural networks are analytical methods used to learn about observed experience. Both the statistician and neural network researcher develop and analyze data sets, draw relevant conclusions, and validate the conclusions. They also share in the challenge of creating accurate predictions of future events with noisy data.

Both analytical methods are investigated. This is accomplished by examining the veridicality of both with real system data. The real system used in this project is a database of 400 years of historical military combat. The relationships among the variables represented in this database are recognized as being hypercomplex and nonlinear.

The historical database was investigated from two paradigms. Paradigm I states that predicting the winner of combat can be based on post-combat personnel losses. Paradigm II states that predicting the winner can be based on pre-combat initial conditions of personnel strength and skill factors.

The results give evidence that traditional statistical methods may provide greater accuracy in predictions when the data is clean or filtered (perfect) than when it is noisy and unfiltered (imperfect). Neural networks, on the other hand, may provide greater accuracy for the same predictions when the data is left imperfect than when it is cleaned up and filtered (perfect).

DOI

10.25777/r7qz-xf06

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