Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Title

Selected Papers Presented at MODSIM World 2011 Conference and Expo



Conference Name

MODSIM World 2011 Conference and Expo, October 11-14, 2011, Virginia Beach, Virginia


The Human View was developed as an additional architectural viewpoint to focus on the human part of a system. The Human View can be used to collect and organize data in order to understand how human operators interact and impact the other elements of a system. This framework can also be used to develop a model to describe how humans interact with each other in network enabled systems. These socio-technical interactions form the foundation of the emerging area of Human Interoperability. Human Interoperability strives to understand the relationships required between human operators that impact collaboration across networked environments, including the effect of belonging to different organizations. By applying organizational relationship concepts from network theory to the Human View elements, and aligning these relationships with a model developed to identify layers of coalition interoperability, the conditions for different levels for Human Interoperability for network enabled systems can be identified. These requirements can then be captured in the Human View products to improve the overall network enabled system.


NOTE: Also NASA Technical Report NASA/CP-2012-217326. Available at:


0000-0002-4201-8757 (Tolk)

Original Publication Citation

Handley, H. A. H., & Tolk, A. (2012). A human view model for socio-technical interactions. Selected Papers Presented at MODSIM World 2011 Conference and Expo, October 11-14, Virginia Beach, VA., pp. 268-274.