Complex System Governance: Theory and Practice2022
Charles B. Keating (Editor); Polinpapilinho F. Katina (Editor); Charles W. Chesterman, Jr. (Editor); and James C. Pyne (Editor)
This book explores Complex System Governance (CSG)―an emerging field concerned with the design, execution, and evolution of essential functions necessary to ensure continued viability of a system. The book focuses on three primary development areas to better understand and utilize current developments CSG. First, the conceptual foundations for CSG are developed, from systems theory, management cybernetics, and governance. Second, a set of critical CSG topics are examined from conceptual as well as practice perspectives. Third, several development and application issues are discussed. Ultimately, CSG is positioned as an emerging field with strong theoretical grounding and significant implications for improving practices and performance to better address complex systems and their problems. [Amazon.com]
Simulation and Wargaming2022
Charles Turnitsa (Editor), Curtis Blaise (Editor), and Andreas Tolk (Editor)
Based on the insights of experts in both domains, Simulation and Wargaming comprehensively explores the intersection between computer simulation and wargaming. This book shows how the practice of wargaming can be augmented and provide more detail-oriented insights using computer simulation, particularly as the complexity of military operations and the need for computational decision aids increases. [Amazon.com]
Modelling Semiarid Water-Soil-Vegetation Systems in a Changing Climate2022
Water-soil-vegetation dynamic nexuses affect, and are affected by, both human activity and climate change. For a given area, inappropriate land management practices can result in soil and vegetation degradation, which in turn will likely alter natural hydrologic processes, leading to more frequent and severe flooding and drought. In response, an altered hydrologic condition tends to prompt soil erosion by wind and water, which can cause further vegetation degradation or even loss. Such nexuses will likely become more interwoven in changing climate because the non-stationary climate can further deteriorate the already-altered hydrologic condition. So far, our understanding is incomplete regarding how such nexuses maintain or break equilibriums between water, soil, and/or vegetation in terms of eco-environmental resilience. This book: 1) conceptualises the interrelated physical processes of water-soil-vegetation systems; 2) introduces mathematical models for simulating the processes; and 3) develops a variety of modelling cases of selected systems across the world.
Currently, there are no books focusing on this topic though some incomplete information has been scattered in various peer-reviewed journals and project reports. This book provides a systematic elucidation of this important topic and serves as a one-stop information source. Upon reading this book, the reader can apply the materials to conduct advanced research on this topic and develop practical measures in protecting fragile vegetation ecosystems and confronting climate change. The broader application is to prevent land degradation and desertification as induced by climate change and human activities (e.g., development and grazing). [From the back cover]
Open Channel Hydraulics2021
A. Osman Akan and Seshadri Iyer
Open Channel Hydraulics, Second Edition provides extensive coverage of open channel design, with comprehensive discussions on fundamental equations and their application to open channel hydraulics. The book includes practical formulas to compute flow rates or discharge, depths and other relevant quantities in open channel hydraulics. In addition, it also explains how mutual interaction of interconnected channels can affect the channel design. With coverage of the theoretical background, practical guidance to the design of open channels and other hydraulic structures, advanced topics, the latest research in the field, and real-world applications, this new edition offers an unparalleled user-friendly study reference. [From the publisher]
Ultrashort Electric Pulse Effects in Biology and Medicine2021
Stephen J. Beebe (Author), Ravi Joshi (Author), Karl Schoenbach (Author), and Shu Xiao (Author)
This book presents an overview of the current state of research on ultrashort electric field pulses of high intensity and their use in biology and medicine. It examines in detail the most recent and exciting advances in how nanosecond and picosecond electric pulse research has grown and expanded into new areas of biology and medicine.
Further, the book specifically focuses on electric pulses in the time domain, on intracellular effects as opposed to plasma membrane electroporation, and highlights the biological and medical applications of these unique pulse effects. Since the authors were initial innovators exploring nanosecond and picosecond pulses, their unique perspectives foreshadowed directions the research took, expanding into new areas that they continue to investigate today. [Amazon.com]
Digitalization of Power Markets and Systems Using Energy Informatics2021
Umit Cali, Murat Kuzlu, Manisa Pipattanasomporn, James Kempf, and Linquan Bai
The objective of this textbook is to introduce students and professionals to fundamental principles and techniques and emerging technologies in energy informatics and the digitalization of power markets and systems. The book covers such areas as smart grids and artificial intelligence (AI) and distributed ledger technology (DLT), with a focus on information and communication technologies (ICT) deployed to modernize the electric energy infrastructure. It also provides an overview of the smart grid and its main components: smart grid applications at transmission, distribution, and customer level, network requirements with communications technologies, and standards and protocols. In addition, the book addresses emerging technologies and trends in next-generation power systems, i.e., energy informatics, such as digital green shift, energy cyber-physical-social systems (E-CPSS), energy IoT, energy blockchain, and advanced optimization. Future aspects of digitalized power markets and systems will be discussed with real-world energy informatics projects. The book is designed to be a core text in upper-undergraduate and graduate courses such as Introduction to Smart Grids, Digitalization of Power Systems, and Advanced Power System Topics in Energy Informatics. [Amazon.com]
Engineering Managerial Economic Decision and Risk Analysis: Economic Decision-Making and Risk Analysis2021
Teddy Steven Cotter
This book directs the engineering manager or the undergraduate student preparing to become an engineering manager, who is or will become actively engaged in the management of economic-risk trade-off decisions for engineering investments within an organizational system. In today’s global economy, this may mean managing the economic risks of engineering investments across national boundaries in international organizations, government, or service organizations. As such, this is an applied book. The book’s goal is to provide an easy to understand, up to date, and coherent treatment of the management of the economic-risk trade-offs of engineering investments. This book accomplishes this goal by cumulatively sequencing knowledge content from foundational economic and accounting concepts to cost estimating to the traditional engineering economics knowledge culminating in fundamental engineering managerial economic decision-making incorporating risk into engineering management economic decisions.[Amazon.com]
Edge Computing and IoT Systems, Management and Security: First EAI International Conference, ICECI 2020, Virtual Event, November 6, 2020: Proceedings2021
Hongbo Jiang (Editor), Hongyi Wu (Editor), and Fanzi Zeng (Editor)
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference Edge Computing and IoT, ICECI 2020, held in November 2020 in Changsha, China. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually. The rapidly increasing devices and data traffic in the Internet-of-Things (IoT) era are posing significant burdens on the capacity-limited Internet and uncontrollable service delay. The 11 full papers of ICECI 2020 were selected from 79 submissions and present results and ideas in the area of edge computing and IoT.
Applied intelligence and informatics first International Conference, AII 2021, Nottingham, UK, July 30-31, 2021, Proceedings2021
Mufti Mahmud (Editor), M. Shamim Kaiser (Editor), Nikola Kasabov (Editor), Khan Iftekharuddin (Editor), and Ning Zhong (Editor)
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Applied Intelligence and Informatics, AII 2021, held in Nottingham, UK, in July 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held in a fully virtual mode. The 26 full papers and 4 short papers presented were thoroughly reviewed and selected from the total 107 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: application of AI and informatics in disease detection; application of AI and informatics in healthcare; application of AI and informatics in pattern recognition; application of AI and informatics in network, security, and analytics; emerging applications of AI and informatics.
Water Resources and Hydraulics2021
This exciting new textbook introduces the concepts and tools essential for upper-level undergraduate study in water resources and hydraulics. Tailored specifically to fit the length of a typical one-semester course, it will prove a valuable resource to students in civil engineering, water resources engineering, and environmental engineering. It will also serve as a reference textbook for researchers, practicing water engineers, consultants, and managers. The book facilitates students' understanding of both hydrologic analysis and hydraulic design. Example problems are carefully selected and solved clearly in a step-by-step manner, allowing students to follow along and gain mastery of relevant principles and concepts. These examples are comparable in terms of difficulty level and content with the end-of-chapter student exercises, so students will become well equipped to handle relevant problems on their own. Physical phenomena are visualized in engaging photos, annotated equations, graphical illustrations, flowcharts, videos, and tables. [Amazon.com]
Design of Coastal Hazard Mitigation Alternatives for Rising Seas2020
This timely book is about how to design alternatives to reduce coastal flood and wave damage, erosion, and loss of ecosystems facing an unknown future of sea level rise. The latest theories are interlaced with applied examples from the authors' 48 years of experience in teaching, research, and as a practicing, professional engineer in coastal engineering. The design process takes into consideration all the design constraints (scientific, engineering, economic, environmental, social/political/institutional, aesthetic, and media) to meet today's client needs, expectations, and budgets for an uncertain future.
The book is organized as a textbook for graduate students. And, it is a self-contained reference for government and consulting engineers responsible for finding solutions to coastal hazards facing the world's coastal populations. New solutions are included in the book that help people of all socio-economic levels living at the coast. Both risk reduction metrics quantified in monetary terms, and increased resilience metrics quantified as vulnerability reduction must now be taken into consideration to make equitable design decisions on hazard mitigation alternatives.
In the Anthropocene Era, under "deep uncertainty" in global mean sea level predictions for the future, today's designs must mitigate today's storm damages, and be adaptable for the unpredictable water levels and storms of the future. This book includes a design "philosophy" for water levels to year 2050 and for the long term from 2050 to 2100. Multiple spreadsheets are provided and organized to aid the design process
Computational Methods and Clinical Applications for Spine Imaging 6th International Workshop and Challenge, CSI 2019, Shenzhen, China, October 17, 2019, Proceedings2020
Yunliang Cai (Editor), Liansheng Wang (Editor), Michel Audette (Editor), Guoyan Zheng (Editor), and Shuo Li (Editor)
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Workshop and Challenge on Computational Methods and Clinical Applications for Spine Imaging, CSI 2019, which was held in conjunction with MICCAI on October 17, 2019, in Shenzhen, China. All submissions were accepted for publication; the book contains 5 peer-reviewed regular papers, covering topics of vertrebra detection, spine segmentation and image-based diagnosis, and 9 challenge papers, investigating (semi-)automatic spinal curvature estimation algorithms and providing a standard evaluation framework with a set of x-ray images. [From the publisher]]
A Framework of Human Systems Engineering2020
Holly A. H. Handley (Editor) and Andreas Tolk (Editor)
A Framework of Human Systems Engineering: Applications and Case Studies offers a guide to identifying and improving methods to integrate human concerns into the conceptualization and design of systems. With contributions from a panel of noted experts on the topic, the book presents a series of Human Systems Engineering (HSE) applications on a wide range of topics: interface design, training requirements, personnel capabilities and limitations, and human task allocation.
Each of the book's chapters present a case study of the application of HSE from different dimensions of socio-technical systems. The examples are organized using a socio-technical system framework to reference the applications across multiple system types and domains. These case studies are based in real-world examples and highlight the value of applying HSE to the broader engineering community. [Amazon.com]
Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications2020
Sandeep Kumar (Editor) and Florin Barla (Editor)
Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability.
This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering. [Amazon.com]
Complexity Challenges in Cyber Physical Systems: Using Modeling and Simulation (M&S) to Support Intelligence, Adaptation and Autonomy2020
Saurabh Mittal (Editor) and Andreas Tolk (Editor)
This book provides the state-of-the-art in methods and technologies that aim to elaborate on the modeling and simulation support to cyber physical systems (CPS) engineering across many sectors such as healthcare, smart grid, or smart home. It presents a compilation of simulation-based methods, technologies, and approaches that encourage the reader to incorporate simulation technologies in their CPS engineering endeavors, supporting management of complexity challenges in such endeavors.
Complexity Challenges in Cyber Physical Systems: Using Modeling and Simulation (M&S) to Support Intelligence, Adaptation and Autonomy is laid out in four sections. The first section provides an overview of complexities associated with the application of M&S to CPS Engineering. It discusses M&S in the context of autonomous systems involvement within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The second section provides a more detailed description of the challenges in applying modeling to the operation, risk and design of holistic CPS. The third section delves in details of simulation support to CPS engineering followed by the engineering practices to incorporate the cyber element to build resilient CPS sociotechnical systems. Finally, the fourth section presents a research agenda for handling complexity in application of M&S for CPS engineering. [Fram Amazon.com]
Space Infrastructures: From Risk to Resilience Governance2020
Unal Tatar (Editor), Adrian V. Gheorghe (Editor), Omer F. Keskin (Editor), and Jean Muylaert (Editor)
Space-critical infrastructures represent an interdependent system of systems consisting of workforce, environment, facilities, and multidirectional interactions. These are essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions such as health, safety, security, mobility, and the economic and social well-being of people, and their destruction or disruption would have a significant impact on society as a whole. In all, 79 nations and government consortia currently operate satellites, with 11 countries operating 22 launch sites. Despite creating new challenges, this multi-actor environment offers opportunities for international cooperation, but making the most of these opportunities requires a holistic approach to space-critical infrastructure, away from strictly defined space technologies and towards understanding the resilience of complex systems and how they are intertwined in reality. This book presents papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), entitled Critical Space Infrastructure: From Vulnerabilities and Threats to Resilience, held in Norfolk, Virginia, USA from 21-22 May 2019. The ARW brought together representatives from academia, industry, and international organizations in an effort to deepen scientific and technological understanding of space-critical infrastructures and explore the implications for national and international space security and resilience. It examined space as a critical infrastructure from a multidisciplinary perspective in accordance with NATO s Strategic Concept. The 29 chapters in the book are divided into six sections covering space infrastructure: governance; cybersecurity; risk, resiliency and complexity; emerging technologies such as block chain, artificial intelligence and quantum computing; application domains; and national approaches and applications. [Amazon.com]
Urban High-Resolution Remote Sensing: Algorithms and Modeling2020
With urbanization as a global phenomenon, there is a need for data and information about these terrains. Urban remote sensing techniques provide critical physical input and intelligence for preparing base maps, formulating planning proposals, and monitoring implementations. Likewise these methodologies help with understanding the biophysical properties, patterns, and process of urban landscapes, as well as mapping and monitoring urban land cover and spatial extent. Advanced sensor technologies and image processing methodologies such as deep learning, data mining, etc., facilitate the wide applications of remote sensing technology in urban areas. This book presents advanced image processing methods and algorithms focused on three very important roots of urban remote sensing: 3D urban modelling using different remotely sensed data, urban orthophotomap generation, and urban feature extraction, which are also today’s real challenges in high resolution remote sensing. Data generated by remote sensing, with its repetitive and synoptic viewing and multispectral capabilities, constitutes a powerful tool for mapping and monitoring emerging changes in the city's urban core, as well as in peripheral areas. [Amazon.com]
Complex Adaptive Systems: Views From the Physical, Natural, and Social Sciences2019
Ted Carmichael (Editor), Andrew J. Collins (Editor), and Mirsad Hadžikadić (Editor)
This book emerged out of international conferences organized as part of the AAAI Fall Symposia series, and the Swarmfest 2017 conference. It brings together researchers from diverse fields studying these complex systems using CAS and agent-based modeling tools and techniques. In the past, the knowledge gained in each domain has largely remained exclusive to that domain. By bringing together scholars who study these phenomena, the book takes knowledge from one domain to provide insight into others. [From the publisher]
Complex adaptive systems (CAS) have proven to be a powerful tool for exploring these and other related phenomena. The authors characterize a general CAS model as having a large number of self-similar agents that: 1) utilize one or more levels of feedback; 2) exhibit emergent properties and self-organization; and 3) produce non-linear dynamic behavior. Advances in modeling and computing technology have led not only to a deeper understanding of complex systems in many areas, but they have also raised the possibility that similar fundamental principles may be at work across these systems, even though the underlying principles may manifest themselves differently.
Computational Models for Biomedical Reasoning and Problem Solving2019
Chung-Hao Chen (Editor) and Sen-Ching Samson Cheung (Editor)
The results of computational model simulations allow researchers and clinicians to make predictions about what will happen in the biological systems that are being studied in response to changing conditions for a disease or disorder. With a well-developed computational model, researchers and clinicians can better understand the cause of a disease or a disorder and predict treatment results.
Computational Models for Biomedical Reasoning and Problem Solving is a critical scholarly publication that provides insightful strategies to developing computational models that allow for the better understanding and treatment of various diseases and disorders. Featuring topics such as biomedicine, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence, this book is ideal for practitioners, clinicians, researchers, psychologists, and engineers. [From Amazon.com]
Human Simulation: Perspectives, Insights, and Applications2019
Saikou Y. Diallo (Editor), Wesley J. Wildman (Editor), F. LeRon Shults (Editor), and Andreas Tolk (Editor)
This uniquely inspirational and practical book explores human simulation, which is the application of computational modeling and simulation to research subjects in the humanities disciplines. It delves into the fascinating process of collaboration among experts who usually don’t have much to do with one another – computer engineers and humanities scholars – from the perspective of the humanities scholars. It also explains the process of developing models and simulations in these interdisciplinary teams.
Each chapter takes the reader on a journey, presenting a specific theory about the human condition, a model of that theory, discussion of its implementation, analysis of its results, and an account of the collaborative experience. Contributing authors with different fields of expertise share how each model was validated, discuss relevant datasets, explain development strategies, and frankly discuss the ups and downs of the process of collaborative development. Readers are given access to the models and will also gain new perspectives from the authors’ findings, experiences, and recommendations. … [Amazon.com]
Critical Space Infrastructures: Risk, Resilience and Complexity2019
Alexandru Georgescu, Adrian V. Gheorghe, Marius-Ioan Piso, and Polinpapilinho F. Katina
This book introduces readers to the topical area of CSI: critical space infrastructure, which is defined as an emerging domain of systems-of-systems encompassing hardware, workforce, environment, facilities, business and organizational entities. Further, it includes unmanned air systems, satellites, rockets, space probes, and orbital stations, and involves multi-directional interactions essential for maintenance of vital societal functions (i.e., health, safety, economic and social well-being), the loss or disruption of which would have significant impact on virtually any nation. The topics covered include the main elements of CSI, CSI taxonomy, effects of CSI on other infrastructure systems, establishing quantitative and qualitative parameters, global and national effects of CSI failure, cascading disruptive phenomena, chilling effects in various fields, CSI protection, deliberate threats to space systems (e.g., electromagnetic pulse attacks), space governance, and a path forward for CSI research. Modern society is highly dependent on the continuous operation of critical infrastructure systems for the supply of crucial goods and services including, among others, the power supply, drinking water supply, and transportation systems; yet space systems – which are critical enablers for several commercial, scientific and military applications – are rarely discussed. This book addresses this gap. [From the back cover]
The Human Viewpoint for System Architectures2019
Holly A. H. Handley
This book describes a methodology to represent socio-technical system concerns in the system architecting process. The resulting set of Human Views augments traditional system viewpoints with human-focused data. The Human Viewpoint methodology classifies the socio-technical system context, identifies and collects pertinent data, renders models that can be used for discussion and analysis, and presents the results in Fit for Purpose views that are useful for decision making. The inclusion of the Human Viewpoint during the system architecting stage allows the evaluation of human-system design trade-offs, recognizes the impact of the human operator on system performance, and provides the foundation for Human System Integration evaluations during the ensuing system development. [From the back cover]
Nonequilibrium Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jets: Fundamentals, Diagnostics, and Medical Applications2019
XinPei Lu, Stephan Reuter, Mounir Laroussi, and DaWei Liu
Nonequilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma jets (N-APPJs) generate plasma in open space rather than in a confined chamber and can be utilized for applications in medicine. This book provides a complete introduction to this fast-emerging field, from the fundamental physics, to experimental approaches, to plasma and reactive species diagnostics. It provides an overview of the development of a wide range of plasma jet devices and their fundamental mechanisms. The book concludes with a discussion of the exciting application of plasmas for cancer treatment. ...[From the publisher]
Summer of Simulation: 50 Years of Seminal Computer Simulation Research2019
John A. Sokolowski (Editor), Umut Durak (Editor), Navonil Mustafee (Editor), and Andreas Tolk (Editor)
This book is based on the “Summer Simulation Multi-Conference” (SCSC), which has been a prominent platform for the dissemination of scholarly research in the M&S community for the last 50 years. In keeping with the conference’s seasonal title, the authors have called this half-century “the summer of simulation,” and it has led not only to simulation-based disciplines but also simulation as a discipline. This book discusses contributions from the SCSC in four sections. The first section is an introduction to the work. The second section is devoted to contributions from simulation research fellows who were associated with the SCSC, while the third section features the SCSC’s most influential contributions. Lastly, the fourth section includes contributions from the best papers in the last five years. … [Amazon.com]
Operations Research: A Practical Introduction2018
Michael Carter, Camille C. Price, and Ghaith Rabadi
Operations Research: A Practical Introduction is just that: a hands-on approach to the field of operations research (OR) and a useful guide for using OR techniques in scientific decision making, design, analysis and management. The text accomplishes two goals. First, it provides readers with an introduction to standard mathematical models and algorithms. Second, it is a thorough examination of practical issues relevant to the development and use of computational methods for problem solving. [From the publisher]
A gallery of books by faculty from the Batten College of Engineering & Technology, Old Dominion University. Faculty books are also listed under specific departments.
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