Date of Award

Summer 2017

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Political Science & Geography


Graduate Program in International Studies

Committee Director

Steve A. Yetiv

Committee Member

Patricia B. Strait

Committee Member

Joshua Zingher


The efficacy of United States (U.S.) military forces is predicated on a condition of jointness, which enables members of different military services to overcome their cultural and experiential prejudices and operate interdependently. Joint Professional Military Education Phase (JPME) II, offered through the Joint Forces Staff College (JFSC), is the principal mechanism within the Department of Defense to reduce the inter-service prejudices held by military officers and to cultivate the optimal joint perspectives and attitudes associated with jointness. The JFSC employs three different methods for delivering JPME II—Resident, Satellite, and Hybrid—yet it remains unknown whether significant differences exist between them regarding their effectiveness in reducing inter-service prejudice. Accordingly, this study explores the following question: What is the impact on inter-service prejudice by the various JPME II course delivery methods provided by JFSC? To provide an answer, the study first considered the nature of organizational culture, the origin of inter-service prejudice, and how intergroup contact can reduce such prejudice. Second, it considered each JFSC JPME II delivery method in the context of Intergroup Contact Theory to develop related hypotheses, and employed analysis of variance and multiple regression techniques using JFSC archival longitudinal survey data collected from students attending each delivery method. The results of analysis demonstrate that, while each method contributes to the reduction of inter-service prejudice, significant and possibly consequential differences exist between the delivery methods in terms of the levels of cognitive inter-service prejudice both before and after treatment.


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