Towards a Universal Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

Date of Award

Spring 5-1993

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science & Geography


Graduate Program in International studies

Committee Director

W. Andrew Terrill

Committee Member

John Q. Zhao

Committee Member

Patrick J. Rollins

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.I45R33


The 1968 Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) came into force in 1970 and expires in 1995. In 1995 an extension conference has to be convened to decide whether the treaty continues in force indefinitely or will be extended for an additional period or periods.

The treaty, cosponsored by the us, the USSR, and the UK, has 155 signatories, but a few countries like Israel, India and Pakistan have refused to be bound by it. They have done so mainly on the formal grounds that the treaty is structurally discriminatory between nuclear and nonnuclear weapons states.

What are the effects of Israeli, Indian and Pakistani non-compliance behavior on the universality of the NPT and the viability of the system in light of special problems presented by these countries? It is concluded in this study that these nations will not be joining the NPT in the near future, that they have deep commitments to remaining outside the treaty and that their non-adherence will not have a major influence on the future of the treaty.


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