Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Political Science & Geography
Graduate Program in International Studies
This study identifies and analyzes the decision making and framing processes for selected cases of armed humanitarian intervention by the United States in the post-Cold War Era. It fills a gap in the literature on decision making, focusing on the role of the powerful individual leader in national security decision making and the framing of interventions to the U.S. public and other stakeholder audiences. An examination of extant literature on the subject of U.S. foreign policy decision making, and development and implementation of framing strategies is used to determine the role of the individual leader in those processes using three case studies, the Bush intervention in Somalia in 1992, the Clinton intervention in Kosovo in 1999, and the Obama intervention in Libya in 2011.
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Callahan, John M..
"Armed Humanitarian Intervention: The Role of Powerful Leaders in Framing and the National Security Decision Making Process"
(2015). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Political Science & Geography, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/pkx2-8r96