Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Jennifer N. Fish
David C. Earnest
In this work, I will focus on the act of sex trafficking as it exists in the country of India. Specifically, I will focus on sex trafficking as a gendered representation of three distinct dimensions of India’s existing conditions: 1) gender inequality, 2) historic and current cultural scripts, and 3) socio-economic conditions. I contend that these three dimensions are at the heart of sex trafficking and serve as forms of violence against women. Furthermore, in adding to the literature, this paper proposes a victim-focused/human rights focused approach, which will assist India in successfully combating trafficking within its own borders and lend new levels of analysis in understanding systemic responses to this global circumstance so central to the context of globalization.
In supporting these claims, this thesis analyzes a combination of qualitative and quantitative data sets, primarily categorized as secondary sources, which have been compiled throughout several years on the topic of sex trafficking. Furthermore, in supporting a victim-focused/human rights focused approach, information gathered from interviews with two employees of the South African organization Activists Networking Against the Exploitation of Children (ANEX), as well as South African service provider guidelines to assisting victims of trafficking, will be detailed and analyzed.
Matusek, Karmen M.. "Under the Surface of Sex Trafficking: Socio-Economic and Cultural Perpetrators of Gender-Based Violence in India" (2016). Master of Arts (MA), thesis, International Studies, Old Dominion University, https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/gpis_etds/8