Date of Award

Summer 2016

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)


Human Movement Sciences

Committee Director

Xihe Zhu (Director)

Committee Member

Peter Baker

Committee Member

Justin Haegele


The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing high school students’ enrollment in elective physical education (PE). Three groups of students emerged based on enrollment choice: those enrolling in elective PE (CPE, 26%), those not enrolling (NPE, 38%), and those who were uncertain about their enrollment in elective PE (UPE, 36%). Participants (n=69) completed the Expectancy-Value and Sport Motivation questionnaires to measure their motivation in PE, and a subsection of students (n=47) wore accelerometers for approximately four days to measure their habitual weekday physical activity (PA). Qualitative data were collected using open-ended questions and semi-structured focus group interviews, then analyzed using open and selective coding. The motivational surveys and PA data were summarized and analyzed quantitatively using descriptive and inferential statistics. Significant differences were seen in expectancy beliefs (ηp2=.19) and extrinsic motivation (ηp2=.10, p=.04) between the students in the CPE and NPE groups; as well as significant differences (p