Date of Award

Spring 2004

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)


Human Movement Sciences


Athletic Training

Committee Director

Bonnie Van Lunen

Committee Member

Lynn Ridinger

Committee Member

Elizabeth Dowling

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.E44 W56 2004


Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is a common disorder that occurs in individuals who compete in recreational activities. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge of EIA for high school athletic coaches. A 22 question demographic instrument was used for background information, and an 18 question multiple-choice assessment was used to assess knowledge of prevention, recognition and management of EIA. A panel of experts reviewed and modified the survey instruments, which were piloted at a local private high school prior to distribution. The survey was distributed to 250 high school coaches in the Hampton Roads area during a fall coaches meeting and completed by 166 (66.4% return rate). The multiple choice assessment score mean was 48.77/100% ± 14.08, with a range of 5.6-94.4%. Independent T-tests were used to determine if selected demographic data had any effect on knowledge of EIA. Females scored higher on the assessment (p = .007) and asthmatics knew more about EIA (p = .046). An association was found between the number of female coaches and being an asthmatic (p =.000), therefore possibly explaining why there was a difference between genders. It made no difference if the coach had attended a workshop on EIA (p = .844) or had spoken with the Certified Athletic Trainer about EIA (p = .335). Spearman's rho demonstrated no relationship between the number of years coached and overall assessment score (p =.055). A one-way ANOVA revealed no significant differences for educational background and EIA knowledge. However, a strong trend (p=.055) was demonstrated for individuals with a Bachelors degree compared to those with a high school diploma. A repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant difference (p = .000) between all three sections of the assessment illustrating that coaches knew the most about recognition, followed by management and then prevention. Our results support the need for additional education about EIA for coaches, however the assessment instrument questions may have been at too high of a level for the intended audience. Further research should examine the effectiveness of an EIA workshop on the retention of knowledge for coaches.


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