Navier-Stokes Simulations of Flows About Complex Configurations Using Domain Decomposition Techniques
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Osama A. Kandil
Robert L. Ash
David S. Miller
James L. Thomas
An algorithm is developed to obtain numerical simulations of flows about complex configurations composed of multiple and nonsimilar components with arbitrary geometries. The algorithm uses a hybridization of the domain decomposition techniques for grid generation and to reduce the computer memory requirement. Three dimensional, Reynolds-averaged, unsteady, compressible, and complete Navier-Stokes equations are solved on each of the subdomains by a fully-vectorized, finite-volume, upwind-biased, approximately-factored, and multigrid method. The effect of Reynolds stresses is incorporated through an algebraic turbulence model with several modifications for interference flows. The present algorithm combines the advantages of an efficient, geometrically conservative, minimally and automatically dissipative algorithm with advantages and flexibility of domain decomposition techniques. The algorithm is used to simulate supersonic flows over two-dimensional profiles and a body of revolution at high angles of attack. This study is performed to examine the suitability of the baseline solution algorithm and gain a better understanding of this class of flows. The grid overlapping is tested by obtaining the solution of a supersonic flow over a blunt-nose-cylinder at high angles of attack using a composite of overlapped grids. This solution compares very well with the solution of the same flowfield obtained with no overlapping and the experimental data. The multigrid algorithm used for this case shows substantial savings in the computational time. To accomplish one of the main objectives of this study, the algorithm is then applied to simulate the supersonic flow over an ogive-nose-cylinder near and inside a cavity. The cylinder is attached to an offset L-shaped sting when placed above the cavity opening. The results of the time-accurate computations depict these complex flows and help understanding interference effects. The unsteady nature of these flowfields and the interaction of the cavity shear layer with the cylinder are simulated. These cases illustrate two significantly different and important interference characteristics for a store separating from its parent body. Unsteadiness of the cavity flow has a more pronounced effect on the normal forces acting on the cylinder when the cylinder is placed inside the cavity. A clearer understanding of the flow between the base of the cylinder and the cavity rear face is gained by eliminating the offset sting when the cylinder is inside the cavity. The time averaged surface pressures compare favorably with the wind tunnel data, despite the averaging time period for the computations being three orders of magnitude smaller than that of the experimental measurements. The results of the present computations contribute to the much needed database for the internal store carriage and separation.
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"Navier-Stokes Simulations of Flows About Complex Configurations Using Domain Decomposition Techniques"
(1990). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/s0cb-9869