Date of Award

Spring 5-1985

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



Committee Director

Sue Young

Committee Member

Kathryn Caufield

Committee Member

Christine A. Heine

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.N8R52


The purpose of this study was to explore if differences existed in state and trait anxiety between clients with cardiac pacemakers who were utilizing a transtelephonic or conventional method of health care follow-up. A convenience sample of 44 clients with cardiac pacemakers completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory developed by Spielberger, Gorsuch, and Lushene (1964) and a demographic inventory. Subjects were classified into two groups according to the method of follow-up: Group I (n=22) was the transtelephonic follow-up, and Group II (n=22) was the conventional follow-up. Data were analyzed using t-tests for independent samples. The results showed that there were significant differences in state and trait anxiety between groups. Subjects who were utilizing the transtelephonic follow-up method showed significantly lower state (p=0.031) and trait (p=0.25) anxiety than subjects who were utilizing the conventional follow-up method.


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Included in

Nursing Commons