Date of Award

Summer 8-1986

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



Committee Director

Sue W. Young

Committee Member

Linda L. Davis

Committee Member

Helen Yura

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.N8S76


This study compared stressors and coping mechanisms identified by spouses of myocardial infarction (MI) patients in a close-ended, self-administered questionnaire (SAS) and an open-ended, nurse-administered questionnaire (NAS). Twenty female participants were divided into two groups and completed the NAS, SAS, and demographic information. The purpose of dividing the group was to explore possible experimenter effect. One group was administered the NAS preceding the SAS. The second group completed the SAS preceding the NAS. Qualitative analysis revealed equivalent stressors and coping mechanisms identified by the NAS and SAS. Stressors related to the MI decreased over time for spouses whose husbands made steady progress after their MIs. Coping mechanisms were relatively stable over time. Participants indicated difficulty mobilizing coping strategies immediately following the MI. The researcher concluded that a close-ended questionnaire can be utilized to obtain complete assessment data. A longitudinal study utilizing a larger sample was recommended.


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