Date of Award

Spring 1982

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Director

Helen Yura

Committee Member

Ronald Singer

Committee Member

Kay Palmer


In a comparative survey, two groups of registered nurses (stayers and leavers) below the head nurse level were measured in the areas of human need satisfaction perception, role perception, and equity perception. The two registered nurse groups were further subdivided by educational preparation into diploma, associate, and baccalaureate degree stayers and leavers for comparative analysis. Literature reviews revealed considerable research in the area of retention and turnover, but few studies used a theoretical framework and a multivariate basis for observation. One hundred nine registered nurses from the ten area acute care hospitals were surveyed using an independently developed Nursing Perceptions Index (NPI). Validity and reliability studies were conducted to ensure objectivity in the instrument. Average and interactive ratings per dimension were computed and difference scores obtained for each group and subgroup using analysis of variance. Results indicated a significant difference between registered nurse stayers and leavers regarding human need satisfaction perception and equity perception. There was no significant difference between registered nurse stayers and leavers with regard to educational preparation or role perception.