Date of Award

Spring 5-1989

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



Committee Director

Sue W. Young

Committee Member

Christine Heine

Committee Member

Angela C. Martin

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.N8B66


The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine differences in self-esteem, perceived benefits of and perceived barriers to exercise between exercisers and non-exercisers and to determine if relationships existed between self-esteem, perceived benefits of exercise and perceived barriers to exercise, that could explain participation in regular aerobic exercise. A sample of 105 university students completed four questionnaires. The level of social desirability present in participant responses was also measured. Five hypotheses were tested. Utilizing t-tests, a significant difference was found between exercisers and non-exercisers on self-esteem, perceived benefits of exercise, and perceived barriers to exercise. The three variables (self-esteem, perceived benefits of and perceived barriers to exercise) successfully accounted for 30% of the variation in group membership as an exerciser or non-exerciser utilizing multiple regression. Social desirability was found to be different between exercisers and non-exercisers and a relationship between social desirability and self-esteem scores was present. The findings relating social desirability and self-esteem are concurrent with the literature.


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